EU releases artificial intelligence ethics
Want to find another way to become a moral AI leader
Recently, the European Commission issued an artificial intelligence (AI) code of ethics, which proposed seven conditions that "reliable" artificial intelligence should meet. In the next phase, the European Commission will launch a pilot AI code of ethics, inviting industry, research institutions and government agencies to test and supplement the code.
At the same time, the European Commission announced the launch of the pilot phase of the ethical code of artificial intelligence, inviting industry, research institutions and government agencies to test and supplement the ethical code of artificial intelligence.
The Economist has said that the United States and China are already unquestionable AI super bodies, and Europe can take the lead in formulating rules to limit the harm that AI systems can cause. Many people want Europe to establish a global standard for the AI industry, just like its new data privacy law, GDPR.
This ethical code of ethics proposes seven elements for achieving trustworthy artificial intelligence, namely:
1. Human initiative and supervision: Artificial intelligence systems should achieve a fair society by supporting human initiative and fundamental rights, rather than reducing, limiting or misdirecting human autonomy.
2. Robustness and Security: Trustworthy artificial intelligence requires algorithms that are sufficiently secure, reliable, and robust to handle errors or inconsistencies in all lifecycle phases of an artificial intelligence system.
3. Privacy and data management: Citizens should have complete control over their data, and the data associated with it will not be used to harm or discriminate against them.
4. Transparency: Traceability of artificial intelligence systems should be ensured.
5. Diversity, non-discrimination and fairness: Artificial intelligence systems should consider the overall range of human capabilities, skills and requirements and ensure accessibility.
6. Social and environmental well-being: Artificial intelligence systems should be used to promote positive social change and enhance sustainability and ecological responsibility.
7. Accountability: Mechanisms should be established to ensure accountability and accountability for artificial intelligence systems and their results.
The European Commission says it is currently taking three moves to promote the healthy development of reliable artificial intelligence: developing key requirements for trusted artificial intelligence, launching a large-scale pilot phase of stakeholders, and establishing an international network for human-centered artificial intelligence consensus.
The European Commission hopes to bring these artificial ethics approaches to the global arena. To this end, the European Commission said it will cooperate with Japan, Canada and Singapore, and the trial phase will also involve companies from other countries and international organizations.
After the pilot phase, by the beginning of 2020, the EU Expert Team on Artificial Intelligence will review the assessment list based on the feedback received and propose the next steps based on the assessment results.
In addition, in order to ensure the moral development of artificial intelligence, the European Commission said that it will launch a network of artificial intelligence research centers of excellence by the fall of 2019; start to establish a network of digital innovation centers; and start discussions and discussions with EU member states and stakeholders. Data sharing model.
The above-mentioned artificial intelligence ethics guidelines were drafted by the European Union Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence (AI HLEG).
In 2018, 52 independent experts representing academia, industry and civil society were appointed by the European Commission to form the European Union High Level Expert Team on Artificial Intelligence, which is responsible for writing ethical codes of artificial intelligence and providing policy and investment advice to the European Union.
On December 18, 2018, the European Union's high-level expert group on artificial intelligence released the Draft Ethics Guidelines For Trustworthy AI (hereinafter referred to as the draft), which was considered as the European “trustworthy artificial intelligence”. The starting point for discussion.
The draft provides an official explanation for "trustworthy artificial intelligence." The draft argues that “trustworthy artificial intelligence” has two essential components: first, it should respect fundamental rights, rules, core principles and values to ensure “moral purposes” and, secondly, it should be technically robust and reliable. Because even with good intentions, lack of mastery of technology can cause unintentional harm.
The draft released in December also presented a credible AI assessment form, from responsibility, data governance, designing for all, managing AI autonomy, non-discrimination, respecting privacy, respecting (and strengthening) human autonomy, and robustness. Security, transparency and 10 dimensions list the requirements of trusted artificial intelligence.
In recent years, the EU has repeatedly expressed its desire to become a leader in moral AI. In response, the US technology media The Verge commented that this is partly due to the current environment. When it comes to investment and cutting-edge research, the EU cannot compete with the United States and China, so choosing morality is shaping The best choice for the future of technology.
Figure / authors: surging News
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